In today’s lab you will be working in ArcMap to produce a map of UNBC, using source data provided.
- Map Preparation
- Symbolizing Features
- Labelling Features
- Locator map
- Adding Legend to the Map
- Adding Scale bar and North Arrow
- Adding more information to the Map
- Printing or Exporting your map
- Assignment 2
1. Map Preparation
You will produce a pair of maps, designed for page size (8.5 x 11″), following cartographic principles taught in lectures. The same map will be prepared for colour and monochrome – bear this in mind with design choices.
- Symbolize all feature layers
- Label features (Shane Lake, University Way, Tyner Blvd, Greenway, UNBC)
- Locator Map
- Title, scale bar
- Appropriate Legend
- North Arrow
- Your Name and Date
The goal of today’s lab is to create the main map area and a locator map and then add ancillary information. It is up to you, to make sure the two maps completed by the next lab.
Create a new folder and add the datasets:
- Create a new folder symbolization. Start ArcMap choose A new empty map
- Add all layers from: L:\labs\geog205\symbolization
- Save your map document as symbolization.mxd in your local folder
2. Symbolizing Features
Check the drawing order so that no features are hidden.
- Change Data Frame name from “Layers” to “UNBC” as follows: Click on the Data Frame name Layers so that it is highlighted. Click on top of the word “Layers” a second time and it will now be editable.
- Change the name to UNBC.
- Save the map file
Examine the attribute tables for each layer to see any additional values that may be used in the map. Here is an example:
In the layer FFW_points attribute table, there is a field called Type. This field gives the category for the points of interest.
Remember to employ the cartographic conventions discussed in lecture.
Symbolizing Polygon Features
Polygon feature classes can be symbolized with solid fills, outlines or patterned fills. They should not be overpowering (follow the methods explained in the lecture for polygon colouring (no bright red parking lots).
For example, for unbc_boundary
- Open its Symbol Selector (click the symbol in the Table of contents)
- Click the Hollow symbol from the list to remove the coloured fill. Note the symbol Preview upper-right.
- In the Symbol Selector click Edit Symbol
- Click Outline
- Choose a boundary line pattern from the samples available (you may revisit this layer later on)
- Click OK, OK, OK to close all symbol windows.
- Save your changes to the map document. Main Menu –> File -> Save or click the Save button.
Examine the Symbol Selector for lakes. Choose an appropriate symbol for lakes.
|Note the value for Outline Width. This is the thickness of the outline of lakes.To examine the colour values for the outline, click the outline colour patch (the outline color icon), then click More Colors. Change the colour model to HSV (click the black arrow for a selection of colour models). Write down the three numbers for Hue, Saturation and Value. You can use these values later for symbolizing creeks.|
Symbolizing Line Features
To symbolize creeks, we should keep them thin (as creeks might be considered ‘ephemeral’, but represent where gullies are – as good indicators of topography). In most cases, use a width smaller than the default.
|Note the colour model and values as seen for the lake outline:HSV206, 96, 96 (your values may be different)
Examine the Attribute Table for Roads. Symbolize roads by the surface categories and create a hierarchy for the road surfaces for main and campus. You might keep roads as solid lines, but you may change the colour and width. To set up the hierarchy:
- Right click the roads layer and select properties
- Open the Symbology tab.
- Click on the Categories option (in the left hand pane) keeping Unique Values selected
- Select “Surface” from the Value Field drop down
- Click on the Add All Values tab
- Uncheck all “other other values”
- Set the line style for each type of road surface
See the reference illustration below to see the style by category process
Next, symbolize the trail layers. Examine the Attribute Tables for trails and greenway. Note the hierarchies: pathway and trail (a pathway is a wide trail that allows two people to walk together). The Greenway is a pathway type. Close all tables. Decide on an appropriate line pattern hierarchy to match these classes. Symbolize the trail layer as Categories using their Surface field. Tips on modifying a dashed line are described as follows:
|As well as changing the line thickness and colour of a patterned line, you may design your own pattern for a dashed line. You can set your own spacing for dashed lines by:
Previewing Your Work:
|The illustration at left has no reference scale. Zoom in closely on a selection of trails.You are not yet able to see the difference in your trail design.In order to see your line thickness you must set the Reference Scale.The Reference Scale is that display scale at which size and thicknesses display at their true values. With a defined reference scale, these true values are retained as display scale changes.|
- Data Frame -> Properties –> General Tab Change the Reference Scale to 1:25,000. OK
- Zoom in/out so your symbol sizes can be seen, and remain relevant to the scale.
As you examine your map, you may find the patterned lines of the boundary clash with the patterned lines of the trails.
You can improve the distinctiveness of the unbc_boundary layer by changing its line style.
- Click the symbol for unbc_boundary and choose Hollow symbol
- Follow the same methods you used for the lakes to change the unbc_ boundary outline to the “Boundary State” symbol (you can search for the style directly under the ESRI symbol set) .
- You can change the color here too, then click OK and OK again.
Symbolizing Point Features
Examine ffw_points – Type field (open the Attribute Table). You will see these values:
Picnic Shelter: Covered picnic tables.
Lookouts: A wooden viewing platform.
Water Tower: Location of water tower.
Marker Post: Distances to nearby features.
Height of Land : Covered picnic tables.
Bridge: Bridge over wetland
Garden: David Douglas Garden.
- In the point feature class Symbology tab, click Categories at left and Unique Values to display data based the unique values from attribute table.
- Select ‘Type’ field for Value Field. This is the field which all unique values are from.
- click Add All Values button
We only want to add to show some point locations on the map (Lookout, Water Tower and Picnic Shelter). You will need to remove the rest of point locations from the map.
- Highlight Bridge and click the Remove button. Similarly remove the others
- Change the symbology for the points.
- Looking for more symbols? In the Symbol Selector, click the Style Reference button and activate any checkmark to add additional symbol sets .
- Choose an appropriate symbols for each point location
- Zoom to your reference scale, and pan around the map to evaluate the size of your point symbols.
- Save your changes. Main Menu –> File –>Save, or click the Save button.
3. Labeling Features
Labeling can be done in both view modes: Data View and Layout View
Labeling in Data View: usually for labeling the features themselves (i.e. placing city or town names next to the layer’s points)
Labeling in Layout View: usually for adding ancillary information such as title, creator, date, etc..
Ensure you have set your Reference Scale:
- Data Frame -> Properties –> General tab: Set the Reference Scale to 1:25,000
It is important to follow the guidelines discussed in the lettering lecture
- Click Main Menu -> File -> Page Setup
- Set page Orientation to Landscape
- Remove the checkmark for Use Printer Paper Settings (this makes your map independent of your computer’s printer driver).
- Checkmark Scale Map Elements proportionally to changes in Page Size
- Click OK
- Zoom to Full Extent
- Save changes to the map document: Main Menu -> File -> Save
Set the Labeling environment by activating the “Drawing Panel”
Usually the Drawing toolbar is displayed at the bottom of the window.
- If it is not shown, Main Menu –> Customize –> Toolbars and ensure there is a checkmark for Draw.
Recall the cartographic convention for labeling water features. Make the necessary changes to the Font, Font size, Font Style and Font Colour in the toolbar to match the conventions (conventions not shown in example below):
Labeling Shane Lake
Let’s place a label for Shane Lake. Zoom in on Shane Lake in Forests for the World.
- Click the New Text tool and click a location inside the polygon for Shane Lake.
- A text box is shown that allows to enter text. Type Shane Lake and tap the Enter key to finish.
To make changes after you have added a piece of text, click the Select Elements tool and:
- Double click the text box Shane Lake. The properties window pops up.
- Click the Text tab, here you can change the text. Move your mouse cursor right before Lake and hit Enter. This will move the text ‘Lake’ to the second line as putting all text in one line cause part of text outside the Shane Lake boundary. You can change the text justification to centre.
- You can change the font type, size, colour, style etc. if required.
- Click OK and click OK again. The text should be displayed in two lines.
- Using the Select Elements tool select the Shane Lake text. Move it to make the text better fit inside the lake, or alternatively wholly outside.
Next, you will create labels for roads. Change the font, font style, font size and font colour to appropriate values.
You can use Splined Text tool on the Drawing tool bar to place curved text along a feature. To label University Way and Tyner Blvd:
- Click the dropdown arrow beside Text Button on the Drawing Toolbar and choose Splined Text tool . This tool allows you to place a text along a curved or angled linear feature.
- First you will draw a line to parallel University Way. This is the line the text will follow.
- A text box is shown to allow you to type in the text. Type in University Way in the text box and hit Enter. The text will be placed along the line you just drew.
- label Tyner Blvd, the road starting from the university loop towards College Heights.
You should label:
- The Greenway trail as Greenway
- Shane Lake as Shane Lake
- University Way for the road from 15th Ave to UNBC
- Tyner Blvd for the road from UNBC to College Heights
- Forests for the World
- UNBC Land
4. Create a Locator Map
- Change to Layout View: Main Menu -> View -> Layout View . You are now examining the page. Using the Select Elements tool, move and re-size the UNBC Data Frame as required.
- Insert a second Data Frame as follows: Main Menu –> Insert –> Data Frame
- In the Table of Contents, change the New Data Frame’s name to Locator Map.
Use the Select Elements tool to move and re-size the Locator Map Data Frame as required. With the new data frame selected, you will now add the outline of Prince George, as well as the major rivers found in the NTDB lakes layer:
- Add Data L:\labs\geog205\symbolization\locator\ntdb_lakes.shp and pg_bound.shp
- Alter the symbology for these two layers to reflect the conventions noted in lectures.
- Adjust the extent and shape of the Locator Map Data Frame so that the outline of Prince George (pg_bound layer) fills the frame.
- Save your changes to the Map Document.
Next, you will link the two data frames so that the outline of your map of the UNBC Lands shows up in the Locator Map.
- Locator Map Data Frame –> Properties –> Extent Indicators tab.
- Under Other Data Frames select UNBC.
- Click the top arrow to move UNBC over to the list on the right.
To change the thickness and colour of the extent rectangle, click the Frame button on the Extent Rectangles tab (remember to select UNBC first – otherwise the Frame button is grayed out).
- Click the Apply button and examine your results.
- Save your changes to the Map Document.
- Set the Reference Scale for the Locator Map Data Frame to its display scale.
|You can label map features directly in the Layout View. If you are labelling map features, you must make the data frame the focus as follows:Right-click the Locator Map Data Frame on the Layout Page. From its pop-up menu, click Focus Data Frame.Why do this? You would like the labels Map Extent, and Prince George to have real-world coordinates that tie the labels directly to their respective map features.If a data frame is not the focus, then any text you add in the Layout View are given page coordinates.In the Locator Map at left labels were added using the Draw toolbar New Text button. Add these labels now (see the image at left)|
- Save your changes again Main Menu -> File->Save to symbolization.mdx
Map features include geographic features and ancillary information.
Geographic features: Polygon features, Line features, Points feature.
Ancillary elements: Title and explanatory text, Legend, North arrow, scale etc..
Some concepts on map parameters
physical page: – the actual surface on which the map is displayed
graphics page: – the area on the physical page where map graphics are drawn
map limits: – the area on the graphics page where coverage features are drawn map extent: – the rectangular limits, in real world coordinates, that define the geographic area to display
Goals of Map Design
Several goals of map design can be identified. These include:
- Visual Contrast
- Unity and Harmony (to be discussed in later lectures)
- Visual Hierarchy (to be discussed in later lectures )
- Symbolization of map features
- Label features (Shane Lake, University Way, Tyner Blvd, Greenway, UNBC, Forests for the World)
- Symbols (Lookout, Water Towerand Picnic Shelter)
- Map title, scale bar
- Appropriate Legend
- North Arrow
- Your Name and Date
5. Adding a Legend to the Map
Setting the page properties
- Click Main Menu ->File->Page and Print Setup (you can also set your layout using the last button on the layout view toolbar)
- Select paper size letter ( 8.5 x 11)
- Select Paper Orientation as Landscape or Portrait (you can use use whichever – just keep your scale at 1:25000 or larger)
- Click OK
Ensure you are in Layout View and can see the page. Remember to navigate the page space with the tools in the Layout Toolbar.
- To centre your spatial data, right-click unbc_boundary in the table of contents and choose Zoom to Layer to fit the data into display area.
Make frequent saves to your map document.
Now we can start to design our map. The map covers a rectangular area. We might put the main map area in the left part of the page and put the legend in the right part of the page, above or below the locator map.
Before we insert a legend, we will first change the name of each layer to make them readable and meaningful. Changing the name of a layer can be done by right clicking a layer and choose Properties. Under the General tab, change the name.
- Change each layer name to the following:
|trails||Trails (this should be your modified version ). Label Greenway individually|
|FFW_points||Points of Interest|
|FFW||Forests For the World|
How you rename a layer in the Table of Contents is how that layer will be named in the Legend. You can also rename the values in the Table of Contents as well. For example, you might consider renaming Paved to Paved Roads, etc.
- Save the map file as symbolization.mxd in your symbolization folder
- Click Main Menu -> Insert-> Legend
First, create a trial legend by clicking Next, accepting all the defaults. The legend will be added to the centre of the map. Move the legend to an empty space on your page. To preview your legend design: Using the Layout toolbar tools:
Draw a Zoom In box around the legend, and click the 1:1 button. Important: When you click 1:1, you are previewing the legend at the print scale (this is the size the legend will appear on the printed page). Use this technique to preview all your map elements and feature symbols.
- Use the Layout toolbar Pan button to examine the legend. Delete this legend and start to insert the legend again. This time, you can make changes to the legend design.
On the first panel of the Legend Wizard, all data layers listed in the table of contents in ArcMap are listed in the Map Item list. By default, all map layers are added into the legend. You can choose which map layers you want showing in the legend and remove the the ones you do not want. The buttons in the between the lists allow you to add or remove a legend item.
You can change the order of the legend items – this controls the order in which the layer names appear on the final legend.
We need to keep the following layers in the Legend Item list:
Points of Interest, Trails, Type of Roads,Campus Buildings, Wetlands
Decide on the order you would like the items to appear (all points / lines / areas should be kept together) in the legend.
The next panel allows you to design a legend title. The next panel allows you to create a box that frames the legend (your choice). If you do use the box, change the gap value to create “padding”, otherwise the box touches the legend patches.
Experiment with these.
The next panel allows you to design the patch elements for a line feature or a polygon feature. Select a layer in the list and click the down-drop arrow beside either the line or area patch to change the patch design. Don’t be limited by the patch design default name, select the design that best represents your feature. You may also change the size of the patch.
The next panel gives you control over the default spacing between the legend items. Click within any of the spacing values and you will see its red label appear in the panel graphic.
You can adjust any of your legend’s design properties. Right-click the selected legend and select Properties. Explore the capabilities of each of the tabs to edit your legend.
You can resize the legend box by dragging the small handles located at each corner of the box. If you are not happy with the Legend, you can delete it and recreate one. To delete a legend, first select the legend box by clicking it and click the delete button (x button) or choose Edit->Delete
Displaying Legend in several columns If you want the legend items displayed in several columns:
- Click the legend box to select it.
- Right click on the legend box and choose Properties. Click Items tab.
- In the Legend Items list, hold down the CTRL key and click roads and greenway to highlight them and click the down arrow button at right to move them below the trails as we have many line features here and we want the legend for line features displayed in two columns.
- In the Legend item list, click Trails and click the check box for ‘Place in a new column’. The Trails legend will be placed in the second column.
- In the same way, place roads and buildings in the new column respectively. Now we have the legend displayed in four columns (example below is from last year where students were tortured with more map items and meaner TAs!)
- This legend may be too overpowering however!!
- If you label items on the map – you do not need to add their type to the legend (e.g. lakes)
- we removed the creeks as a required layer (too busy for the monochromatic version)
- Parking is in the legend in two places
- The wetlands fill is really an ugly style – there are better ones out there -
Converting your legend to graphics and ungrouping elements
The directions above represent a portion of the options you can apply to making your legend. Many people use the steps above (or even less steps) to create a basic legend, and then convert them to graphics to create a more customizable legend. Once the items in the legend have been converted to graphics however, you disconnect the items from the canvas (layout or data frames). This means that changes made in the map (to layers colour for instance) will not be altered in the legend graphics
Once you create a legend, you can right click the legend and select convert to graphics. Once that is done, you can select the legend, right click and ungroup. All the components of the legend can be progressively selected and ungrouped until you can select the text or colour boxes themselves. You can alter the content of each of the ungrouped objects as well as regroup then in other combinations. Each grouped (or ungrouped) object can be moved anywhere in your layout.
Note: the outside few millimetres of the page are none-printable. Ensure your map elements do not extend into the non-printing space as follows:
- Preview your results: Main Menu -> File -> Print Preview
Use this technique to preview all remaining map elements that you are going to add.
6. Adding Scale bar and North Arrow to the Layout
Scale bar Since the scale bar is tied to the spatial data of the map, the software must know the map’s units. Ensure that the map units are set as follows:
- Right click UNBC data frame and choose Properties.
- Click General tab and set the Map Units to ‘meters’ and Display Units to metres. Click OK to apply the changes.
You will be adding a scale bar for the main map and a scale bar for the locator map. Select UNBC as the active data frame.
- To add its scale bar, click Main Menu->Insert->Scale Bar.
The Scale Bar Selector window pops up and allows you to select a scale bar from the list. ESRI symbol sets provide many different styles of scale bar. You can choose one from the left list by clicking it. Click OK.
- Scroll down the list and choose an appropriate scale bar. Click OK. The scale bar will be displayed in the Layout. Move the scale bar to an appropriate location. Using the Layout Zoom In tool, zoom in on the scale bar.
The system will add a scale bar with default settings. You may see a scale bar that looks like the top one above. The scale bar should have round unit numbers. The second example is also not ideal, as these units might be kms (not metres) which would be appropriate for this map. Other larger scale maps could use a scale bar in metres. Better scale bars can be produced following the steps below (look at the images below the steps to see the general settings for good scale bars and the results)
- Click the scale bar to select (ensure a box and handles are showing around the scale bar)
- Right-click the scale bar and select Properties.
- On the Scale and Units tab, change the setting for When Resizing to Adjust Width
- Set the Division units to be Kilometers and the division value to be 1Km
- Change Division Value to 2 and the subdivision to 2
- Ensure the Division Units is set to Kilometers
- Choose the Label Position to be a place you feel works the best (the examples have the label below the scale bar).
- If you are proudly Canadian, you might re-type the label to the Canadian Spelling in the Label field (Kilometres, NOT kilometers), or better still – simply shorten the label to km.
- Click OK
See the image of the setup and resulting scalebar(s) – don’t use the top example with ‘invisible’ divider
Preview your scale bar by clicking on the Layout tool Zoom to 100%. This is the size of your scale bar on the printed page. Return to the scale bar’s Properties to make any changes. Examine the other tabs in the scale bar’s Properties for more design ideas. Make the Locator Map the active data frame, and insert its scale bar. North Arrow (?) Similarly you can add a North Arrow to your map with the ESRI symbol set – is it required? Should it be a big one?
- To add a North Arrow, click Main Menu ->Insert->North Arrow.
The North Arrow Selector window pops up and allows you to select a scale bar from the list.
- Select a North Arrow and click OK. The North Arrow is displayed in the Layout.
- Now move the North Arrow to the best location.
- Preview your north arrow with the Zoom to 100% tool… not too large !
- Save the map file.
How would you judge if a single element is too large on the layout page? Zoom to the Zoom Whole Page of the Layout and examine your map. What draws your attention first? If it is the north arrow, then it is too large. Remember you are creating a visual hierarchy that guides the map reader through your map as well as through the spatial features.
7. Adding more information to the Map
Text Text is another important part of a map. You need to add a map title, your name and date. Use the Drawing toolbar text tools or Main Menu ->Insert -> Title or Main Menu -> Insert -> Text.
- Click the A button and place your cursor to the place you want to place the map tile (may be on the top of the map)
- Type ‘UNBC’. The font size might not be appropriate. Click anywhere to finish typing.
- Double click the text to open the properties window.
- Click Change Symbols button. Change the font size and bold style Click OK and OK .
- add your name and date in the lower right corner of the map.
Examine your text. You may wish to reduce the spacing between lines. In the text Properties this is the Leading value. For example, try reducing the value to -1 or -2 and view the results.
We could add a logo to the map (but not too big). This is not required or even suggested for this assignment, but below are the directions in case you wish to do so.
- Click Main Menu ->Insert->Picture. Navigate to find the logo to include
- Move the logo to the lower right corner of the map. (above your name and date)
- Resize the picture by dragging the small handle at each corner if necessary.
8. Printing or Exporting your maps
Export your maps to PNG files.
PDF (Portable Document Files) files can contain both image and vector data, and since we may use both in making a map (we are using vectors so far in the labs – with the layers in the map), and provide scalable and clean looking maps. But there can be issues with using PDF files. They do not necessarily insert into Word documents well, and there is no black and white export option in ArcMap.
For this weeks assignment, we will be exporting to a format other than PDF.
If you are interested in printing your map to a higher quality output using PDF as your format, you can print your map in both colour and black and white using the PDFill PDf and Image Writer. Section 10 explains printing maps using PDFill Tools.
Using PNG (image file output)
PNG (Portable Network Graphic) do not contain vectors and can only work for zooming in if the resolution is set high. They are easily imported into Word or web pages and you can test your colour map for a Black and White rendering using PNG or JPEG as the export type in ArcMap.
Exporting your map in ArcGIS
The directions below describe creating PNG output using the export function in ArcMap
- When done, export your map to a PNG file by clicking File->Export Map.
- Select PNG as your output type –>and select a folder (your symbolization folder) and file name for your colour map
- Save the color map to lastname_firstname_geog205_ass2_col.png
- Set the resolution to 600 (in the General Tab)
- Select the Format Tab and set the colour mode as 24bit colour for your first print
- Click Save
You can now take a look at your map in PNG form
- Repeat this procedure for the greyscale (black and white) but, rename you output file (i.e, Save the color map to lastname_firstname_geog205_ass1_bw.png)
- Select 8bit greyscale for colour mode
- Click Save
- You can navigate to the files you just created using the file browser in windows and view them in windows image viewer by double clicking on them
- Quit ArcMap
- Click Start -> Logoff. Click Log Off to logout from terminal server
- Logout of the Linux workstation (green man exit sign).
9. Lab Assignment #2, Due at the beginning of your lab session next week (Feb 5-8)
The lab assignment is to produce two finished maps (8.5 x 11″)
- with free use of colour design as in lab instructions
- in monochrome (colour not allowed) – as if to be printed in a book or newspaper
NOTE: You could make two individual maps if you like extra work! – or as we have done above, one map that can be printed in either colour and monochrome. We suggest making one versatile map, which you can ‘export’ to png as both 24-bit colour and 8-bit grayscale. You can make adjustments to you colour map to suit greyscale, but remember to save your project as two different names (see below – i.e. symbolization_colour.mxd and symbolization_bw.mxd)
Evaluation for the assignment
This assignment is worth 10% of the overall class grade. This 10% is broken into:
- 5% for the symbolization of the maps
- 5% for the overall layouts (may be mostly similar for the two maps).
Ensure that in both cases, your symbolization follows cartographic rules, and sufficient contrast enables the distinction of all symbols. This may be more challenging for the monochrome map (as you discovered from the lab today). For this reason, you should exclude the creeks from the second map.
- Create a folder in your geog205 directory called assignment1
- You would next save your colour map as symbolization_colour.mxd and again as symbolization_bw.mxd and then modify its design for black and white. These files should be saved in the assignment1 folder
- Export your final maps to PDF and save the files as lastname_firstname_geog205_ass1_colour.png and lastname_firstname_geog205_ass1_bw.png respectively. Send the files to your TA by email with subject Geog205 AS1 before the next week lab (your lab session).
10. Printing using printer drivers (such as PDFill) instead of exporting in ArcMap
There are advantages to exporting maps to formats such as Scalable Vector Graphics, PostScript or PDF. The data used to create your maps are often vector data (points, lines or polygons) and rather than rasterize these data for output in PNG or JPG format – formats such as SVG, PS and PDF keep these vectors in their output. Often this creates cleaner and scalable outputs. Below are steps that can be used to create this type of data using free software.
Using PDFill PDF and Image writer to print maps to a file
Rather than exporting maps using ArcMaps export function, you can print the map to a file as if you were printing to a printer directly. Here is how:
- File (from the main ArcMap menu) –> Page and Print Setup
- Select PDFill PDF&Image Writer
- Set your page size up (default is letter)
- Select Properties to choose Colour or Black and White –> Paper/Quality tab
- Select Advanced to play around with values such as resolution (default is 600) –> click OK to exit
- Select OK when you are happy with the qualities
- Select OK to print –> it will as where you wish to save the file –> ensure you have save as type PDF as the output type.
- It will save the file and should open up Adobe Reader (on Osmotar).
You cannot insert a PDF file into a work dcoument with Word 2016 (version on osmotar), but it can be imported into Libre Office on the Linux computers (Menu –> office –> LibreOffice Writer). The PDF version you have create is more for printing or sharing with others (i.e. your TA) and not really intended to be brought into word.