Outline for Literature Review
The purpose of the literature review is to establish a foundation of information pertaining to your research area. This has two benefits: one benefit is to gain a background of understanding of research that has already been done to see if you can improve past techniques (does your topic have some originality), the second is to see if the topic you have picked is too difficult to achieve in this class setting (past research provides no insight or indicates that the subject matter is beyond the scope of this class).
There is no need to be too concerned about originality in this course but rather make use of the knowledge base you have acquired so far to exploit your ideas in GIS terms. The Literature Review is not meant to be the end all reference guide for your project (you may change your topic as soon as you hand in the lit review) but rather it is intended to get you started on a topic and help you find direction from other sources.
Layout of Lit Review:
The lit review should be not more than two pages in length and consist of three parts:
1). Area of Research:
One paragraph expressing the direction of your project and whether you have found pertinent information about this area.
2). Key documents:
These are the papers, or even web sites, that contain the most relevant information about your project area. A brief description (2 -4 lines) of each paper and how it relates to the study. Theses listings should be ordered from the more preferred document at the beginning to the lesser preferred at the end of this section. You should also mention other supportive documents that may follow in part three of the lit review. These documents should be expressed in a bibliographic form matching the journal of your choice (bibliographic notation precedes the 2-4 line description).
3). Lesser informative but supportive documents or web pages:
List these contributions in the same bibliographic format as your preferred journal. There is no need to attach any comments to these contributions and they should be sorted alphabetically.